• Body care products

    Body care products

Body-care products

Interfacial measurement on skin and hair

Skin and hair-care products place particularly high demands on the chemical properties of the interface. Surfactants for cleaning or as emulsifiers are the main active ingredients of care products. Their choice and dosage is the key to a successful product. Our measuring instruments for investigating the surfactant effect will help you with the accurate determination and dosage of the ingredients.

Wetting and cleaning the skin

Surfactants in soaps, washing lotions and shower gels are intended to effectively clean and at the same time protect the skin. This requires efficient surfactants which, even in small doses, improve the wetting and form the micelles necessary for carrying away the dirt. Our tensiometers measure the exact effect of the surfactants. In addition, the wetting can be measured directly on the skin using our mobile contact angle measuring instrument MobileDrop.

Emulsifying capability and emulsion stability of creams and lotions

Care products for re-greasing the skin are usually emulsions of oil or grease and water. Natural and synthetic surfactants enable stable mixtures to be produced. Interfacial tension measurements help with the specific use of surfactants and, describe the mixing capability during production as well as the long-term stability of the finished product.

Wettability and wetting of hair

Shampoos, rinses and conditioners encounter certain wetting properties of the hair and change these when applied. The contact angle and its change due to the effect of the care product can be measured on individual hairs with our high-resolution single-fibre Force Tensiometer – K100SF. This gives an indication of the required care effect and also of unwanted damage to natural protective coatings.

Foam analysis

Foam is almost always produced when using skin-care products, whether deliberately in the case of washing and care products or as a by-product. As every care product has its own requirements for foamability, foam stability, moisture content and homogeneity, a comprehensive characterisation of the foam using our Dynamic Foam Analyzer – DFA100 is helpful when developing the product.

KRÜSS Application Reports

AR283: Benchmarking the foaming properties of a new, mild surfactant formulation according to ASTM D 1173-07

Foamability and foam stability of three surfactants for body care products were compared using reproducible, automatic Ross-Miles foam analyses according to ASTM D 1173-07. Our application report is an extract from a comprehensive benchmark study carried out to evaluate a new surfactant.

AR279: Foam behavior of toothpaste

Analyses of the foam height and structure of three different types of toothpaste clearly indicate significant differences between the samples with respect to foamability and bubble size. Thus, the report shows how this method can be used for recipe optimization of toothpaste and for quality control during its production.

AR249: Characterization of liquid foams by the determination of surface rheological properties of surfactant solutions

Foam height measurements and measurements of the modulus of elasticity and modulus of viscosity are carried out on two body-care products. A relationship can be shown between higher surface elasticity and higher foam stability.

AR206: Contact angle determination by the "straw" method and packed cell method

An alternative to single fiber contact angle measurement on hair is the measurement of fiber bundles. Possible measurement errors due to very low wetting forces, irregular fiber diameters or curling at the surface are minimized here.

AR101: Evaluating Silicone Hair Treatment

Single fiber contact angle measurements are carried out with different silicones on dry, bleached hair. A comparison of several immersion cycles shows the different adsorption of the silicones onto the hair.

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